Lim Chiv Ho (right), CEO of the Phnom Penh Special Economic Zone, rings the bell during the IPO at the Cambodia Securities Exchange yesterday morning in Phnom Penh. By: Athena Zelandonii
Shares in Phnom Penh SEZ debuted on Cambodia’s nascent stock exchange yesterday morning, ending the day at 2,890 riel ($0.71), down slightly more than 3 per cent from its opening price of 2,980 riel after an underwhelming level of trading.
The company, which trades under the letters PPSP and operates the most successful industrial park in the country, became the fourth listed company on the Cambodian Securities Exchange (CSX) after successfully raising $8.2 million from its initial public offering (IPO) earlier this month.
While Phnom Penh SEZ primarily gathered the attention of institutional investors from Thailand, Japan and Malaysia when it offered 11.6 million shares during its bookbuild – a 20 per cent stake of its enlarged issued share – the entire 58 million shares were released to the public yesterday morning.
Speaking before the start of trading, Lim Chhiv Ho, chairwomen of Phnom Penh SEZ, said the decision to become publicly listed was rooted in the company’s push to keep growing and remain the most attractive investment destination in Cambodia.
“Funds from the IPO, which our current shareholders have already committed to investing into the company and its future expedite the company through to the next stage of development,” she said.
The IPO capital is set to fund the expansion of its 347-hectare special economic zone in Phnom Penh, as well as the construction and development of a new 53-hectare SEZ on the Thai border near Poipet.
At 9am, Lim Chhiv Ho joined hands with Hong Sok Hour, chief executive officer of the CSX, to ring the bell to signal the start of trading. Fong Nee Wai, chief financial officer of Phnom Penh SEZ, said that while it was hard to predict, he hoped that “40,000 to 50,000 shares” would be initially traded.
“It is hard to say, but the first day there is usually an observation period. I expect that most investors will hold onto their shares and see what happens over the next few days,” he said.
Those hopes of high-level trading were quickly dashed as the initial share price set at 2,980 riel – 4.2 per cent higher than the IPO price– sank down to 2,890 riel and stayed that way until trading ended at 11:30am. While it still posted an overall gain of 1 per cent, some 24,078 shares changed hands by the end of the morning, amounting to $17,663.
By comparison, Phnom Penh Autonomous Port (PPAP), the third listed company which debuted to the public last December after successfully raising $5.2 million in an IPO, showed a similar level of trading on its opening day at 13,050 shares worth $17,000.
Speaking on the sidelines of the CSX, Lim Chhiv Ho said that the trading volume did not disappoint. “We have expected that this will be a step-by-step process,” she said, adding that trading volumes would likely grow over the following weeks.
John Menzies, chairman of Cmi Capital Limited, explained that seeing a privately owned, solely-Cambodian-registered company list on the CSX was a milestone in itself.
“I believe that in the future, with the Phnom Penh SEZ being able to generate a successful IPO, we will see more infrastructure companies looking to list,” he said.
While he noted that overall the capital markets in Cambodia lack available liquidity, once more companies jump on board, trading volumes will increase. Svay Hay, president and CEO of Acleda Securities, explained that the low level of trading showed that the majority of investors were committed to long-term gains.
“Most of [the] investors shall buy and stay long with the company for [a] high dividend yield,” he said, adding that those investors would enjoy sustained growth.
While he explained that many retail and medium-size investors would cause fluctuations of price and volume during the initial trading, due to the fact that PPSP was offering nearly 58 million shares “the bigger size of supply may cause the volume to [trade] at below average for a while”.
“Then, the corporate and income investors shall buy more [during these] small fluctuations,” he said.
Phnom Penh SEZ generated $23.4 million in consolidated revenue and $5.9 million in net profit in 2014, the latest full year publicly available.